Water : Districtwise
VoiceOfBharat.org has shared the rainfalls related statistics
for most of the districts of India. To know, just go to the district
of your interest.
Average annual rainfall in the country
: Parliament question on 24th Feb
As per report of the National Commission on Integrated
Water Resources Development(NCIWRD-1999), the mean annual rainfall,
taking the country as a whole is 1170mm with wide regional variation.
Rain water is harvested through surface storages and recharge of
ground water. The total storage capacity created through major and
medium projects is around 225 BCM. The data on quantum of rainwater
harvested through groundwater recharging is 433 BCM. Ministry of
Water Resources does not maintain the data on quantum of water harvested
due to manmade structures separately. It is estimated that the water
utilized in 2010 is about 681 BCM.
Water is a State subject, it is primarily the responsibility of
the State Government to plan, fund and to execute rainwater harvesting
schemes. However, the Union Government has taken following steps
to create awareness and to encourage States to implement rainwater
# Demonstrative Projects on Rain Water Harvesting and Artificial
Recharge to Ground Water with an outlay of 100 crore. during 11th
# Sanctioned two schemes for Repair, Renovation and Restoration
(RRR) of Water Bodies, one with external assistance with central
outlay of Rs. 1500 crore and the other one with central outlay of
Rs. 1250 crore.
# Organized 384 mass awareness campaigns on Rain Water Harvesting
and Artificial Recharge of ground water throughout the country under
the Central Plan schemes namely “Ground Water Management & Regulation”
and “Information Education and Communication (IEC)” of Ministry
of Water Resources and National Ground Water Congress during 2007
# Circulation of the Master Plan for artificial recharge of ground
water to the States/UTs in the year 2002.
# Launching of Ground Water Information System for dissemination
of ground water related information to all stake holders including
users in March 2010.
# Advised the States to make rainwater harvesting mandatory. In
pursuance thereof, 18 States and 4 UTs have made rain water harvesting
mandatory under building bye-laws.
# Issuance of directions by the Central Ground Water Authority
(CGWA) to Chief Secretaries in 12 States and Administrators in 2
Union Territories having over-exploited blocks to take all necessary
measures to promote/ adopt artificial recharge to ground water/
rain water harvesting.
# Issuing of directions by CGWA to all the Residential Group Housing
Societies/ Institutions/Schools/ Hotels/ Industrial Establishments
falling in the over-exploited and critical areas (Except in the
water logged areas) in the country to adopt Roof Top Rain Water
harvesting systems in their premises.
# Issuing of directions by CGWA to Heads of Central Road Research
Institute, National Highway Authority of India, Central Public Works
Department, Railway Board, Sports Authority, Airports Authority
of India, Civil Aviation, Youth Affairs & Sports to implement
the Scheme of Ground Water Recharge along all National /State Highways
and other roads, railway tracks and other establishments of Railways,
all stadia and airports.