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Agricuture in Gujarat
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Agriculture
Gujarat is the main producer of tobacco, cotton and groundnut in the country and provides inputs for important industries like textiles, oil and soap. Other important cash crops are isabgol, paddy, wheat and bajra. Forest species available in Gujarat are teak, khair, sadad, haldariyo and manual bamboos.

Agriculture Projects & Initiatives
Agro Business Destination
Sardar Sarovar Project on Narmada
Krushi Mahotsav
Soil Health Card
Horticulture
Water Harvesting
Drip Irrigation
Water Shed Development
Animal husbandry
Village Pond, Check Dam, Boribandh dams (sand bag dams)
Guidance by APMC (Agricultural Product Marketing Committee)
Awakening the farmers
Agri Equipment Demonstration
Environmental Awareness
An Agri Factopedia


Leading as Second in ‘Green Revolution’ – Gujarat has achieved Agricultural Growth table at 9.6% and have carved a niche in the field of Agricultural Development in India. As of 2009, Gujarat’s agriculture growth rate has been three times more than the national growth rate.

The department is confident to change the lives of farmers with its Agriculture Policies and the unique Initiative of the ‘Krushi Mahotsav’ in the State. In 2001, the State was on verge of less water resources but today, it stand as World’s biggest water resource Narmada Canal. Where the dust took to wind storm, there are green fields and where the farmers tilled the land with 1-2 crops, they have sort for 3-4 crops. Continuous hard work of seven years and planned efforts of the Government have resulted in Green Revolution taking shape in Gujarat.

Gujarat Agro vision 2010 envisages improving the quality of life of the rural population, including those who are resource poor, by widening their employment opportunities and increasing their income. 63% of the population of Gujarat lives in rural areas and depends for its livelihood on agriculture and the rural non-farm sector that is interlinked with agriculture. The Government is sensitive to the role of Agriculture in Economic development with a vision.

Greater wealth creation for farmers and farm labourers
Offer a sustainable increase in productivity
Ensures Food Security
Offer higher value addition to agricultural produce and exports
Conservation of Water resources through micro irrigation

The vision seeks to accelerate demand driven agricultural and agro industrial growth in the new globalized agricultural environment. The goal for Gujarat agriculture is to become a world-class producer and supplier in the crops where it enjoys competitive advantage.

The government envisages Agriculture promotion through focused agricultural research, and application of biotechnology, information technology and ecotechnology. Conservation of soil, water and biodiversity is the prime concerns to be environmentally sustainable. As a result, a separate Department for ‘Climate Change’ is set up as a major challenge to Humanity.

Gujarat Agro Industries Corporation (GAIC), which promotes agricultural activities at the ground level and fosters the development of agro industries in the state, is a manifest example of the forward-looking policies of the state.

Agriculture is locomotive of our economy and a prosperous rural economy based on agriculture will ultimately make the nation prosperous
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Agro Business Destination
The State government has a comprehensive Agri-Business Policy to facilitate projects of value addition in center value chain from farm to market, develop Agri Infrastructure, encourage research and development, promote food safety management system at the farm level and processing units. As Gujarat is an upcoming Agro business destination, there are several investment opportunities in fisheries, fruit and vegetables, animal husbandry, infrastructure and innovative technologies sectors. The ‘Food and Agri Business’ Sector at the Vibrant Gujarat Summit 2009 saw 190 MoUs with Investment upto Rs.35, 456 Crores and Job Opportunities leading to 3,88,761.
Sardar Sarovar Project on Narmada

World's Largest Irrigation Network made possible by the Sardar Sarovar Project on Narmada with the Dam height raised from 90 meters to 121.9 meters is the biggest project. The project has immense contribution towards irrigation, hydropower and drinking water supply.

Krushi Mahotsav
The Taluka oriented Krushi Mahotsav see a new light in the direction of Agriculture which is organized in 225 talukas for farmers. The concept evolves the India’s first Home Minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s pledge in Bardoli to bring prosperity to farmers.

The Krushi Mahotsav campaign which is being held since 2006, covered 18,600 villages in June 2009, with 230 ‘Krushi Raths’ (vans) reaching to farmers with Researchers, Scientists, experts, Agriculture officers and Ministers, interacting and providing information and counselling on soil health, organic farming, technology and inputs, irrigation, etc., besides infusing a new spirit of change and mass mobilisation. The Government has set up four agro-climate zones and starting institutes for research and education in the field of agro technology. An innovative concept of ‘Animal Hostel’ is proposed on experimental basis through public participation.

Soil Health Card
Gujarat is a first state who issues Soil Health Card scheme for every land to farmers. Farmer can verify the soil specimen through scientists who examine the mineral composition in the soil. Based on the report, they can provides the fertilizer with appropriate mineral percentage. This helped in soil enrichment and also reduced the erosion of the land in great extent. Gujarat farmers who used to grow 1-2 crops can now grow 3-4 with increase in profit.

Horticulture
Gujarat State Horticulture Mission (GSHM) a registered society has been set up for implementation of NHM in the state. The State has strong cooperative credit & marketing structure, alongwith 213 cold storages having 9.50 lakh mt. storage capacity About 42 fruit & vegetable co-operative marketing societies and 197 Agriculture Produce Market Committees ( APMCs) dealing with selling & buying of horticulture produce in the State. The area & production of horticulture crop was 5.89 lakh ha ( 5 % of total cropped area) & 59.49 lakh tons in 1998-1999 which increased up to 12.46 lakh ha. (9.70 % of total cropped area) & 144.74 lakh tons respectively in 2007-08.
Agriculture Export Zone for dehydrated onion & zone for fruits - vegetables has been established, which will be the back bone to boost horticultural development in the state. There is ample potential to export various horticultural produce to other countries. The mangoes among the many fruits, many vegetables and spices are exported. Gujarat is one the major banana growing states and ranks 2nd in Exports of Bananas in India with Exports of 1430 Tonnes to Middle East in April-June 2009.

Water Harvesting
3 Lac ground water harvesting structures have been constructed in the state in last 5 years which has increased the ground water level throughout the state and increased the Agriculture income by four times. There are Complete medium, small and planned irrigation projects. Narmada water distribution system is planned for water harvesting. There is increase area under irrigation based on land ownership. More small Check Dams are constructed for water conservation. Spread and extension of drip and sprinkler irrigation system is implemented.

Drip Irrigation
Many villages in Gujarat have adopted 100% drip and sprinkler irrigation systems to water crops. In June 2009, more than 93,000 farmers in Gujarat have adopted drip irrigation for their total 1.51 lakh hectare land.. Drip Irrigation system and inter-linking of 21 rivers of the state for conservation of water has made it possible for record Sugarcane cultivation in the state.
GGRC is aimed to promote Micro Irrigation System (MIS) to the farmers of Gujarat as an implementing agency on behalf of Government of Gujarat (GoG) and Government of India (GoI) to bring 2nd Green Revolution in consonance with the Agriculture policy of Gujarat Vision 2010 so as to save water and energy, besides multiple benefits to improve Agricultural productivity and farmer’s prosperity at large.
The GAIC and APMC adopts various programs and schemes for the Agriculture and Horticulture segment for investments and other processing subsidies in the Food Processing Sector. Agri implement service help is provided by the government for open pipelines and purchase of Tractors, etc. Bio gas subsidies are offered with loan application.

Water Shed Development

It aims at increasing soil and moisture conservation and productivity of the degraded land, and thereby increase the income of people. The programs seek to promote the overall development of the project area while maintaining a special focus on the weaker sections. With the implementation of the watershed programs, several outcomes have been expected with increase in healthy living lifestyles with better income, education and resources.

Animal husbandry
Major share of motive power of agriculture comes from livestock. Livestock keeping- an integral part of farming system as land, labors and water can be efficiently utilized. An intensive animal vaccination program was launched in all the villages at the Krushi Mahotsav held since four years, so as to focus on disease management and the rearing of healthy livestock In addition to vaccinating the livestock, animal health camps were also held.

Village Pond, Check Dam, Boribandh dams (sand bag dams)
The success key point in Agriculture is increased access to water. Gujarat has created history in water conservation, by launching a drive for blue revolution, constructing number of check-dams. Gujarat is a drought-prone state, with an irrigation cover of just 36% of gross cropped area. Increased water supply from Sardar Sarovar project, higher investments in check-dams and watersheds (as of June 2007, a total of 2, 97,527 check dams, boribunds and Khet Talavadi (farm ponds) had been constructed by the state in cooperation with NGOs and the private sector). Good rainfall for the past few years has helped propel growth.

Guidance by APMC (Agricultural Product Marketing Committee)
Information and guidance on topics such as soil health; crop rotation; organic farming; use of fertilizers and pesticides; irrigation; and marketing is imparted to the farmers. As many as 6.5 lakh farmers in the state receive individual counseling by agricultural scientists and government personnel at the Krushi Mahotsav.
Awakening the farmers
Every year, during Krushi Mahotsav, the ‘Krushi Raths’ cover the entire state and visit each village in Gujarat. A multi-disciplinary team of scientists, horticulturists and agriculturists are present on each rath. The raths are a major vehicle for directly promoting scientific farming and improved agricultural practices to the individual farmers within their own villages. A mobile exhibition equipped with posters and pamphlets along with Region-specific panels on farming, a drip irrigation system, audio-video system to play dayras. The local folk-based evenings are organized where songs on the theme of farmers and agriculture are sung by the people and traditional artists. The dayros also served as a prelude to the arrival of the raths, to inform the communities about the event.

Agri Equipment Demonstration
A separate Department for ‘Climate Change’ is set up as a major challenge to Humanity. Drip Irrigation has been introduced and inter linking of 21 rivers of the State for conservation of water. Over a 3 lac water harvesting structures are constructed in last 5 years which has increased the ground water level throughout the state and increased the agriculture income by four times. Social forestry in Gujarat has achieved a benchmark of 14 trees per hectare. The farmers are well informed about the climate conditions and awareness on Environmental issues.

Environmental Awareness

A separate Department for ‘Climate Change’ is set up as a major challenge to Humanity. Drip Irrigation has been introduced and inter linking of 21 rivers of the State for conservation of water. Over a 3 lac water harvesting structures are constructed in last 5 years which has increased the ground water level throughout the state and increased the agriculture income by four times. Social forestry in Gujarat has achieved a benchmark of 14 trees per hectare. The farmers are well informed about the climate conditions and awareness on Environmental issues.

A 3.5 km tunnel ‘Panam High Level Irrigation Canal’ is set to provide Irrigation Facilities to 18000 hectares land under cultivation of Shahera, Lunavada, and Santrampur villages will be a boon for the Panchmahal farmers. Under the Sujalam Sufalam scheme to make best use of water flowing in the sea, the Rs. 64 crore tunnel is first of its kind in the country as a Green Project in Global warming. The canal water would also feed water to 59 village ponds, and the canal water would also flow in to the 3 rivers also. The Sujalam Sufalam project provides irrigation facilities to the villages, which were not covered under the Narmada waters.

Three main sources of growth in Gujarat's agriculture are:

cotton output soared from 3.05 million bales (of 170 kg each) in 2002/03 to 11.2 million bales in 2007/08, primarily driven by Bt cotton since 2002
The rapid growth of the high value segment, ie, livestock, fruits & vegetables.

While Gujarat's dairy success is well known, which is growing at 6-7% per annum on sustainable basis, the recent phenomenon of high growth comes from fruits and vegetables (dominated by banana, mango, potato and onions) that has grown at almost 12.8% during 2000/01 to 2007/08
the third main source of growth comes from wheat—after a low of 0.6 million tonnes in 2000/01, production jumped to 3.8 million tonnes in 2007/08- an average annual growth rate of 28%!

As per IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute)

An Agri Factopedia

Connecting 7 Districts on 8 Mbps and 18 Districts on 4 Mbps to State Center at Gandhinagar using leased circuits provided by BSNL, Reliance and Tata Tele Services.
WTO Cell is being established to increase export-related competency of major agricultural commodities.
Credit, Insurance and Financial support is being extended to farmers.
Cattle breeding have been encouraged and efforts are being made to produce good quality wool from sheep.
Agriculture Knowledge Universities
Agriculture university
Anand Agriculture university,
Navsari Agriculture university,
Dantivada agriculture university
Junagadh Agriculture university

In Gujarat, more than half its total area consist of soil.

The high lands of Saurashtra, Narmada and Low lying area of Tapi, Black soil region between Vadodara and Bharuch (Kanam Pradesh), Olpad, Choryasi, Bardoli and Valsad are known as ‘Black Cotton soil’ as the color of the soil is black.
In the region of scanty rainfall as Banaskantha, parts of Mehsana, parts of Sabarkantha and major parts of Kutch have sandy soil.
The regions around Dholka (Bhal Pradesh), Ged Pradesh, Bhavnagar, Ahmedabad, Kheda, Mehsana, Banaskantha and many regions of the coastal areas as have alluvial soil.
In the mountainous forest regions, red soil is found.

Dairy Development
12 District Milk Producers’ Union
10,725 Milk Cooperative Societies
150 lakh liter/day Milk Production
20.84 lakh Members of Milk Cooperative

Fisheries
With a Coastal belt of 1600 kms, Gujarat occupies First position in production of marine fish (6.71 lakh m.t./year) with a share of 24 % in total quantity. Export is worth Rs. 390 crore.