| Voice of Guntur
: Shaikh Abdul Rasool
Following are the social and developmental challenges of the district:
Lack of recent technologies in improving the agriculture.
Scarcity of drinking water in the district.
Drainage system in the district is not proper.
Rural development is one of the main issues of the district that
needs serious attention. Many rural areas in the district lack proper
toilet facilities, sanitation methods etc
Area, Population & Sex Ratio
Geographical Area : 11391.0 Km2
Population in Guntur (Census 2011)
Under 6 population
Total disabled population : 76735
In seeing : 30065
In speech : 8665
In hearing : 3742
In movement : 24183
Mental : 10080
Rank ( VoiceOfBharat.org Analysis
Backwardness : 394
Sex Ratio Rank : 471
(Rank one is least sex ratio - Cenus 2001)
HIV Category District : A
(HIV Sentinel Surveillance 2004 -2006)
Disability : 41 (Census 2001)
Literacy Ratio : 330 (Census 2001)
Minority : Does not figure in MCD
Water : Flouride in Groundwater above permissible limits
Brief About Guntur
Guntur district was formed on the 1st October,
1904 with Head Quarters at Guntur after bifurcating Krishna and
Nellore districts. Prior to 1859 there was 'Guntur District' with
Head Quarters at Guntur but with a different jurisdiction. In 1859
, the district was abolished and was divided up between Masulipatnam
and Rajahmundry districts which were renamed as Krishna and Godavari.
In 1904, Guntur district was constituted into a separate independent
district with the areas of the Taluka of Tenali, Bapatla, Guntur,
Sattenapalli, Narasaraopet , Vinukonda and Palnadu of old Krishna
district and Ongole taluk from Nellore district.
Tenali taluk was split on 1-7-1909 into two taluks
namely Tenali and Repalle. This district thus formed in 1904 was
retained intact till February, 1970. In February 1970, while forming
a new district with Ongole as its head quarters parts of Bapatla
and Narasaraopet taluks and the whole of Ongole taluk were taken
to Prakasam District leaving Guntur district with only eight taluks
namely 1.Guntur 2.Sattenapalli 3.Tenali 4.Repalle 5.Bapatla 6.Narasaraopet
7.Vinukonda and 8.Palnadu.
With effect from 1st November 1977 again , these
eight taluks were reorganised into eleven taluks by upgrading the
sub-taluks of 1. Mangalagiri 2. Ponnuru 3. Macherla as taluks bifurcating
the old taluks of Guntur, Bapatla and Palnadu respectively. Later,
1980, Chilakaluripet taluk was formed as 12th taluk taking parts
from Narasaraopet and Guntur taluks.
During 1981-`82, Repalle taluk was sub divided
into Pallapatla and Repalle , Tenali into Tenali and Emani, Guntur
taluk into Guntur and Prathipadu, Sattenapalli taluk into Sattenapalli,
Tyalluru and Rajupalem. Vinukonda Taluk into Vinukonda, Ipuru and
Gurazala into Gurazala and Piduguralla thus bringing 19 taluks into
existence by the end of 1981-82. Though it was contemplated in 1981-82
to constitute Amrathaluru and Tadikonda also as taluks to coincide
with the 21 Panchayat Samithis yet they did not come into existence.
57 Mandals have come into existence with effect from 25-5-1985 in
the place of erstwhile taluks and Firkhas. The main objective of
the Government in keeping Mandals is to take administration closer
to the people and to create more manageable unit of administration.
The district is bounded on the North by Krishna and Nalgonda districts,
on the West by Prakasam and Mahaboobnagar districts, on the South
by Prakasam district, on the East by Krishna district and Bay of
Bengal . It is situated between 15 - 18 and 16 - 50 of the Northern
Latitude and 70-10 and 80 - 55 of the Eastern Longitude.
The population of the district is 41,06,999 with a density of 361
per Sq.Km. The percentage of literacy is 46.35 and the percentage
of Urban population to total population is 28.89.
The total geographical area of the district is 1132823 Hectares.
During the year 1999-2k the area covered by forest is hectares which
forms to the total geographical area. The net area sown is hectares
forming to the total geographical area . The total cropped area
in the district is hectares. The area sown more than once during
the year is hectares.
The district is rich in mineral resources. The principal minerals
available are limestone, lime kankar, Napa slabs ,Copper and Lead.
Lime stone is being utilised by the cement factories of Macherla
and Tadepalli. There are copper mines at Agnigundala of Ipur Mandal.
The normal rainfall of the district is 889.1 M.M. The climate is
generally warm in Summer and the heat is very severe in Rentachintala
, where the maximum temparature in the State is recorded.
The important Rivers and reverlets in the district are the Krishna,
the Naguleru, the Chandravanka and Gundlakamma. The river Krishna
travels about 250 Kms, through the district along the northern boundary
of the district.
The two Major irrigation projects in the district are 1) Old Krishna
Ayacut, now renamed as Prakasam Barrage with an ayacut of 202032
hectares and 2) Nagarjuna Sagar Project with an ayacutt of 254583
hectares. Both the projects are constructed on the river Krishna.
A medium Irrigation channel by name Guntur Branch Canal (GBC) having
an ayacutt of 10823 hectares and the Minor Irrigation sources like
tanks, Bore Wells, tube wells etc., are providing irrigation.
The soils in general are very fertile and they are broadly classified
as Black cotton, Red loamy and sandy loamy. Black cotton area is
in 70%, Red loamy in 24% and sandy loamy in about 6% of the area
in the district.
The predominant crops grown in the district are paddy, jowar and
bajra among cereals, blackgram , greengram and redgram among pulses,
cotton , chillies, turmeric and tobacco among non-food and commercial
The Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the World`s highest Masonary gravity
dam having World`s largest discharging capacity of 20,000 Cu. Secs.(409
Feet maximum height) across the river Krishna situated at about
130 K.M.s upto the Prakasam Barrage with a lake capacity of 31.05
million acre. The State Government is taking steps to develop Nagarjuna
Sagar as a place of tourist attraction on the lines of Brindavan
and Botanical gardens. This place has acquired special historic
importance, by virtue of the association of Sri Nagarjuna , the
great Acharya and learned scholar of the historic days, and the
museum exhibiting the historic relics depicting the greatness of