Area, Population & Sex Ratio
Geographical Area : 1937.9 Km2
Population in Ariyalur (Census 2011)
Total : 752481
Male : 373319
Female : 379162
Total disabled population : 21352
In seeing : 12772
In speech : 1915
In hearing : 993
In movement : 4561
Mental : 1111
Brief About Ariyalur
Ariyalur district came into existence by bifurcating Perambalur
as per G.O.Ms.No.683 Revenue RA1(1) Department dated 19.11.07. It
is bounded on the North by Cuddalore, South by Thanjavur, East by
Cuddalore and Thanjavur and West by Perambalur and Tiruchirapalli
districts. The new Ariyalur district is functioning from 23.11.2007
Ariyalur district consists of 2 divisions viz.,
Ariyalur and Udayarpalayam, three Taluks viz., Ariyalur, Udayarpalayam
and Sendurai and six blocks.
BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DISTRICT
In 1741 the Marathas invaded Tiruchirappalli and took Chanda Saheb
as captive. Chanda Saheb succeeded in securing freedom in 1748 and
soon got involved in famous war for the Nawabs place in the Carnatic
against Anwardeen, the Nawab of Arcot and his son Mohammed Ali.
Mohammed Ali annexed the two palayams of Ariyalur
and Udayarpalayam located with troops were in the Ariyalur district
on the grounds of default in payment of Tributes and failure to
assist him in quelling the rebellion of Yusuf Khan. In November
1764, Mohammed Ali represented the issue to Madras Council and obtained
military assistance on 3rd January 1765. The forces led by Umdat-Ul-Umara
and Donald Campbell entered Ariyalur and captured it. The young
Poligar together with his followers there upon fled to Udayarpalayam.
On the 19th January the army marched upon Udayarpalayam. The Poligar’s
troops were defeated and the playams were occupied. The two poligars
fled their town and took refuge in Tharangampadi, then a Danish
Settlement. The annexation of the palayam gave the Navab un-interrupted
possession of all his territories extending Arcot to Tiruchirapalli.
The history followed was a power struggle between
Hyder Ali and later Thippu Sultan with the British. After the death
of Thippu Sultan the English took the civil and military Administration
of the Carnatic in 1801. Thus Tiruchirappalli came in to the hands
of the English and the District was formed in 1801. In 1995 Tiruchirappalli
was trifurcated and the Perambalur and Karur districts were formed.
Perambalur district was divided into Perambalur and Ariyalur district
in the year 2001 and merged with Perambalur in the year 2002. Then
now the district is bifurcated from Perambalur and .now functioning
As per 2001 census, the population of Ariyalur is 695524, with male
346763 and female 348761. Ariyalur District is centrally located
in Tamil Nadu and is 265 K.M. away in southern direction from Chennai.
The District has an area of 1949 Sq.Km.
It is an inland district without coastal line.
The District has Vellar River in the North and Kollidam River in
the South and it has no well marked natural divisions.
MINERALS AND MINING
The district is fairly rich in mineral deposits. Celeste, Lime Stone,
Shale, sand Stone, canker and Phosphate nodules occur at various
places in the district.
Vaithiyanatha Swamy Temple at Thirumazhapadi, kaliyuga Varadaraja
Perumal Kovil at Kallankurichi and Siva Temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram
are the important holy places for the Hindus, Elakurichi 32 Kms
from Ariyalur is famous for the Church built by the famous Catholic
Missionary Constantino Joseph Besky popularly known as VEERAMA MUNIVAR.
The Gandaikonda Cholapuram Siva Tempole built by Rajendra Chola
son of Raja Raja Chola is almost a miniature of Thanjavur Pragadeeswar
Five major Cement factories in the district reveals the abundant
deposit of limestone. The availability of Lignite at Jayankondam
and near by places is a gift by Mother Nature. The Fossil is said
to have been a national asset according to Geologists.
Sugar cane is grown as a major commercial crop. One private sugar
factory near keelapalur is functioning in the district with a capacity
of crushing 3000 Tonnes per day. One of the main crop in Ariyalur
district is cashew. The pre-dominate soil in the district is red
sanding with scattered packers of black soil. The soil in the district
is best suited for raising dry crops. The district has a high means
of temperature and low degree of humidity.
TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION
Ariyalur Railway station belongs to Southern Railway which connects
Chennai, Madurai, Tuticorin and Thirunelveli.
The great monument at Gangai Konda Cholapuram, the second Pragadeeswar
Temple rears its head nobiy and bespeaks the imperial dignity of
the capital that Rajendra (1012-1044) the son of Raja Raja established
after his victorious march to North East India up to the River Ganga.
The Vettakudi Karaivetti tank situated at 22 Kms,
East of Ariyalur in Thirumanur Block is a water fefuge for many
migratory birds and over species visit this tank every year between
December to March in large congregation.