Agriculture in Chhattisgarh
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Dantewada (S Bastar)
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Agriculture and allied activities account for nearly 80 per cent of the work force in the State. Out of the geographical area 13,790 thousand hectares, gross cropped area is about 35 per cent of the total geographical area. Kharif is the main cropping season. Rice is the predominant crop of the state. Other important crops are maize, wheat, niger, groundnut and pulses. The State has one of the biggest collections of rice germplasm. Horticulture crops are grown in an area of about 303.57 thousand hectares.

Out of 137.00 lakh hectares geographical area of Chhattisgarh, 43 % area comes under cultivation. On the basis of climate & topography the state is divided into 3 agro climatic zones. The Bastar Plateau comprises of Bastar, Dantewada, Beejapur & Narayanpur districts and a part of Kanker (excluding Charama, Narharpur & Kanker Blocks). Northern parts of the state comes under "Northern Hilly Region" which comprises of Sarguja, Koriya & Jashpur Districts. Bilaspur, Raipur, Janjgeer-Champa, Raigarh, Rajnandgaon, Kawardha, Durg, Mahasamund, Dhamtari, Korba and parts of Kanker come under "Plains of Chhattisgarh".

Varied ecological condition enables cultivation of various crops in different parts of the state. As per the census 2001, 83 % of the population of the state in engaged in Agriculture & allied sector, it reveals that Agriculture is still the backbone of state’s economy.

Chhattisgarh, the 26th state of the Indian Union came into existence on November 1,2000. The state is geographically situated between 17046'N and 2405 North Latitude and 80015'E and 84020' East Longitude. The total geographical area is around 136 lakh ha. of which cultivable land area is 58.81 lakh ha & forest land area is 60.76 lakh ha with more than 2.07 crore population. About 80 percent of the population in the state is engaged in agriculture and 43 percent of the entire arable land is under cultivation. Paddy is the principal crop and the central plains of Chhattisgarh are known as rice bowl of central India. Other major crops are coarse grains, wheat, maize, groundnut, pulses and oilseeds. The region is also suitable for growing mango, banana, guava & other fruits and a variety of vegetables with 44 percent of its area under forests it has one of the richest bio-diversity areas in the country. It has abundant minor forest produce like Tendu leaves, Sal seed, etc. Medicinal plants, bamboo, lac and honey are other potential money earners for the state. Chhattisgarh has embarked on a concerted plan to increase double cropped areas, diversify the cropping pattern and improve incomes from agro-based small-scale enterprises. In order to unlock the true potential of agriculture sector in the state, government is paying special attention towards better management of its water resources. To reduce the farmers dependence on rainfall, government is working towards increasing the irrigation potential of the state. It is estimated that approximately 43 lakh hectares can be potentially irrigated covering 75 percent of the entire cropped area in the state. Ravi Shankar Sagar Mahanadi project, Hasdeo-Bango, Kodar and others are some of the important irrigation projects in the state.

Agro-climatically, Chhattisgarh may be divided into 3 distinct zones with immense potential for agricultural development.

Agriculture Engineering
The Population of India is growing profusely and the cultivable area is getting converted into residential area. With no scope in expansion of cultivable area in future, increase in productivity has become the urgent need to meet the food requirement of increasing population. The productivity can be increased by efficient and timely use of all resources including inputs like HYV seeds, fertilizer, pesticides irrigation water, agriculture machinery etc. It is a well known fact that mechanization of agricultural operation is beneficial for reducing cost of production. Energy requirement of agricultural operations like seed bed preparation, harvesting, threshing and seed processing is very high and it is not possible to perform these jobs efficiently and timely by traditional methods. Introduction of farm machineries enables timely operations resulting in increased production besides the reduced drudgery.

Farmers of Chhattisgarh are used to cultivate mostly paddy in kharif season with an intention to grow summer paddy too, whenever irrigattion sources available. As a second crop after paddy, majority of farmers prefer to grow gram, mustard, linseed, lathy which provide less profit as compared to horticulture crops i.e. vegetables, flowers, medicinal and aromatic plants.

Rainfed cultuvation and low productivity of rice (around 1.5 t/ha) along with recurring drought condition lead to large-scale migration of landless laborers and also marginal farmers. Such a trend can br reversed and the socio-economic conditions of the farmers as also the nutritional levels of the general population can be improved only with proper development of horticulture in this new state.

. About 20% soil of the cultivated area in the region is red-laterite (Bhata) soil, which is mostly unutilized for growing any crop. These Bhata soil can be better utilized to grow fruit crops under rain fed/dry land horticulture.

Horticulture development can assure year-round employment to farm labourers and once horticulture is developed, allied sectors like processing, packaging and export can also gain momentum


Chhattisgarh state has an agro tropical area of approximately 1350 thousand square km and been divided into three main revenue divisions broadly & subdivided into 18 revenue districts with 96 tahsil & 19720 inhabitiated villages. State having total 2.08 Crore population with 34.46% of tribal population inhabitiated villages. The state has about 144.18 lakhs animal population out of which 94.91 lakhs are cattle, 16.04 lakhs are buffaloes & rest 33.23 lakhs are other animals which includes sheep Goat, Horse & other species. State has about 142.45 l lakhs total poultry populations.
The department of Animal Husbandry working under the guidance of Principal Secretary and Agriculture Production Commissioner (A.H.) has the following set up.
1. At Directorate Level: At Directorate level for Administrative, technical, official work department has the post of Director, Joint Director, Deputy Directors, Deputy Milk Commissioner, Veterinary Assistant Surgeons & Statistical officers & other ministerial staff.
2. At Division / District Level: At division level we have 3 Joint Director and at District 13 Deputy Director and their Field Staff.
Major activities of this department can be broadly classified under the following heads:
1. Veterinary health care service delivery.
2. Improvement in breeding procedure in animals & birds.
3. Extension and Human Resource Development.
4. Rural Development through promotion of livestock rearing.
For covering these entire activities department has following institutions.
1. Veterinary Hospitals - 210
2. Veterinary Dispensaries - 755
3. Disease investigation Laboratory - 16
4. Motor Cycle unit - 20
5. Mibile Unit and Ambulatory Clinic - 26
6. Rhinderpest Eradication Unit - 05
7. Animal Check Post - 07
8. Quarantine unit - 01
9. AVFO Training Center - 02
10. Dairy Technology College - 01
11. College of Vety. Science &A.H. - 01
Under veterinary health care the major activities for the year 09-10, the department has carried out 19.94 lakhs treatments, 22.57 lakhs Medicine Supply and 3.57 lakhs Castration, 108.44 lakhs Vaccination and about 11,271 multipurpose veterinary camps in all over the state. Beside this Livestock Development Department solemnly dedicated to the weaker section of the Society are running various schemes. Distribution of Poultry Units and distribution of pigs and goat units on exchange basis are presently aimed to benefit those belonging to backward community of the state. Under its total plan outlay of 2450.32 lakh in year 2009-10 the department has distributed 9799 backyard poultry units, 83 male Pigs & 73 pig trios on 10% subsidy basis & 168 male Bucks in different plans. Presently in year 2010-11 plan outlay is increased to 2985.40 lakh and with more availability of funds due to change of some heads from plan to non plan, the department is planning to distribute 18000 backyard poultry units, 500 male pigs & 500 Pig trios and 6000 male bucks to different S/C & S/T beneficiaries.
As Chattisgarh state is deprived of the availability of milk Vis-per capita availability of milk is 126gm/head as against Indian average of 300 gm, to meet out the deference newly formed state has got 5 Integrated Dairy Project under1005 center assistance in the tribal district of state vis- Raigarh, Ambikapur, Jashpur, Korea & Kabirdham under MMPO.
Paddy is the main crop of the state and animals survive on paddy straw for 7 to8 months in a year. It contains 1-1.5% of oxalic acid, which is detrimental to health. Hence a major campaign has been launched for enrichment of paddy straw.
In the year 2007 the department had conducted Cattle Census within the stipulated time & was among the first few states to submit census report to Govt. of India.
Newly formed state has constituted Veterinary Council with the aim to provide standard Veterinary Practice in technical as well as infrastructure development.
With all these new and old activities department of Animal Husbandry is dedicated to work for the benefit of animals and farmers related to animal husbandry.