Change
Bharat on VoiceOfBharat.org
Bharat
Introduction
Population
Literacy
Sex Ratio
Quiz

Administration
Villages
Districts
States & UTs
Government
President
Vice President
Prime Minister
Parliament
Loksabha
Rajyasabha
Governors
Chief Ministers

Voices
Thought Leaders
Local Media
Community 

Geopolitical Info
History
Geography
People
Heritage Sites

National
State Emblem
National Anthem
National song
National Flag
National Animal
National Aq. Animal
National Bird
National Flower
National Fruit
National Game
National River
National Tree
National Language
National Calendar
Currency Symbol

 
 
National Language

Official Language : Standard Hindi written in the Devanāgarī script
(the Indian Constitution recognises English as a subsidiary official language)

Hindi : All the states of India. (All the state capitals and large number of distrits)
English : All the states of India. (At least state capitals)

Assamese — Official language of Assam (13 million as per census 2001)
Bengali — Official language of Tripura and West Bengal (83 million as per census 2001)
Bodo — Official language of Assam (1.4 million as per census 2001)
Dogri — Official language of Jammu and Kashmir (2.3 million as per census 2001)
Gujarati — Official language of Dadra Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu and Gujarat (46 million as per census 2001)
Hindi — Official language of Arunachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal (258 to 424 million as per census 2001)
Kannada — Official language of Karnataka (38 million as per census 2001)
Kashmiri — Official language of Jammu and Kashmir (5.5 million as per census 2001)
Konkani — Official language of Goa and Mangalore (2.5 million as per census 2001)
Malayalam — Official language of Kerala and Lakshadweep (33 million as per census 2001)
Manipuri or Meithei — Official language of Manipur (1.5 million as per census 2001)
Marathi — Official language of Maharashtra (72 million as per census 2001)
Nepali — Official language of Sikkim (2.9 million as per census 2001)
Oriya — Official language of Orissa (33 million as per census 2001)
Punjabi — Official language of Punjab & Chandigarh, second official language of Delhi and Haryana (29 million as per census 2001)
Sanskrit — Special status in Article 351 of the Constitution of India as the primary source language for the development of the official standard of Hindi (0.01 million as per census 2001)
Santali - Language of the Santhal tribals of the Chota Nagpur Plateau (comprising the states of Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa and Chattisgarh) (6.5 million as per census 2001)
Sindhi - Language of the Sindhi community (2.5 million as per census 2001)
Tamil — Official language of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry (61 million as per census 2001)
Telugu — Official language of Andhra Pradesh (74 million as per census 2001)
Urdu — Official language of Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh (52 million as per census 2001)


Other Important State languages
These languages are state official languages but are not yet recognized as national languages:
Kokborok - Official language of Tripura
Mizo - Official language of Mizoram
Khasi - Official language of Meghalaya
Garo - Official language of Meghalaya

Other popular languages of India
These languages have over 5 million speakers but no official status

Bihari languages
Angika — language of Bihar, Spoken largely in the Northern and Southern part of Bihar, Major part of Jharkhand and Maldah district of West Bengal
Bhojpuri — language of Bihar
Magadhi — language of southern Bihar

Rajasthani languages
Marwari — language of Marwar. The region including Jodhpur,Nagour and Bikaner.
Mewari — language of Mewar. The region including Udaipur, Chittor and Kota-Bundi.
Shekhavati — language of Shekhavati. The region including Sikar, Churu, Jhunjhunu.

Other languages
Bhili (Bhil tribals)
Gondi (Gond tribals)
Kodava, spoken in the Kodagu district of Karnataka
Kutchi — language of Kutch, a region in Gujarat
Tulu — spoken by Tulu people of Karnataka and Kerala
Sankethi — spoken by Sankethi people in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala

The Constitution of India lists 18 regional languages.

Minority languages of India
Mahl — language of Minicoy, spoken in the island of Minicoy.